The Northern Region extends over the regions of Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Atacama and Coquimbo covering a territory of great contrasts. This area is predominantly arid and dry in the Atacama Desert sector but at the same time it is contrasted by the fertility of valleys, oases and even protected sectors such as the national parks and monuments of Lauca, Isluga and Salasar de Surire. Other landscapes that occur in the area are the Salar de Atacama, Los Geysers de El Tatio and numerous hot springs. The most characteristic of the northern zone of Chile are its great wealth of metallic deposits (copper, silver, gold, iron) and non-metallic (sodium chloride, calcium carbonate, quartz, etc.), archaeological, natural and cultural deposits. Its coasts are bathed by very productive marine waters, sustaining one of the largest fishing centers in the country. The main productive activities are fishing and mining, becoming the maximum productive expressions of the northern area. The North Region has parts (such as Los Molles a Caldera), where there is a great diversity of plant species, which are favored by its coastal sector which generates camanchacas and mists. The characteristic vegetation corresponds to bushes of low shrubs, few examples of trees and a carpet of herbs.