Historically, and because of its proximity to the capital, the Fifth Region of Valparaiso has been the most tourist area of the country.
Located less than two hours from Santiago, it has the most beautiful and extensive beaches, exclusive and popular areas, as well as beautiful agricultural areas that attract a wide variety of visitors.
It is characterized by its great cultural, gastronomic, and artistic activity, as well as its modernity, since it has all the services of a big city.
A directory that will allow you to start the trip to the region that houses the Garden City, Viña del Mar, and the mythical and beautiful port of Valparaiso. Extension and Surface: The region extends between 32° 02' and 33° 57' south latitude and from 70° 00' West longitude to the Pacific Ocean, including sporadic islands (Pascua, Salas and Gómez, San Felix, San Ambrosio, and the Juan Fernández archipelago). The surface, obtained by planimetry performed on a 1:50,000 I.G.M. chart, is 16,396.1 square kilometers.
Relief: In this region there are coastal plains, where there are alternating sandy beaches with cliffs; fluvial sedimentation plains; transverse cords of the coastal Andean mountain system; transverse cords of the Andean mountain range and semi-arid transitional basins. Climate: Precipitation is of great importance and regularity. The climates that stand out are steppe with abundant cloudiness; warm temperate rainy, temperate steppe rainy; cold mountain steppe and high mountain tundra.
Population: The region -according to figures of the last census of population (1992)- registered a total of 1,384,336 Inhabitants. The vegetation corresponds to the above mentioned climatic variety, predominating the scrub, as well as small forests in the coast, and more developed meadows and forests in the mountains. The National Park La Campana is a sample of Chilean palm and southern beech in the coastal chain.