The North Region extends over the regions of Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Atacama, and Coquimbo, covering a territory of great contrasts.

This area is predominantly arid and dry in the Atacama Desert sector, but is also contrasted by the fertility of valleys, oases, and even protected areas, such as the national parks and monuments of Lauca, Isluga, and Salasar de Surire.

Other landscapes that are present in the area are the Salar de Atacama, the Geysers of El Tatio, and numerous thermal springs.

The main characteristic of the north of Chile are its great riches of deposits (copper, silver, gold, iron) and nonmetals (sodium chloride, calcium carbonate, quartz, etc.), archeological, natural and cultural.Its coasts are bathed by very productive marine waters, sustaining one of the largest fishing centers in the country.

The main productive activities are the fishing and mining, becoming the most productive expressions of the north of Chile.

The Northern Region has areas (like Los Molles through Caldera), where there is a great diversity of vegetal species, which are favored by its coasts which generates camanchacas and fogs. The characteristic vegetation corresponds to low shrubs, scarce specimens of trees, and a tapestry of herbs.